CAE READING “I HAVE A DREAM” and Emancipation Proclamation

Publicado: 23 febrero, 2012 en Reading texts

    I HAVE A DREAM….

 Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.        

                                                                                                                                                                            

 But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languised in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. So we have come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we have come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of the Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked ” insufficient funds”. But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check – a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off o or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.

Exercises about the reading text:

1. Answer the following questions.

a. “I have a dream”. Who made this famous speech? Why? Was it before or after to the Emancipation Proclamation by Lincoln?

b. Who wrote the Emancipation Proclamation? What is the Emancipation Proclamation?

2. Read the previous speech. Which of the senteces (a-e) sums up each paragraph?There is one extra sentence that you don´t need to use.

a. A century after their emancipation, black Americans are still not truly free.

b. America has behaved unjustly to its black people.

c. Lincoln brought hope to Negro slaves with his proclamation of emancipation in 1863.

d. The march has come to Washington to claim the rights that all were promised.

e. Black people must fight to be treated equally.

3. Find words in the text which mean the following.

a. The time of day when light first appears.

b. one of two metal bands joined ty a chain, used for fastening a prisoner’s ankles or wrists together.

c. That cannot be taken away from you.

d. without enough money to pay what you owe.

e. deep wet sand that you sink into if you walk on it.

Bibliography:

Text and exercise 2.

CAE OBJECTIVE, Student´s book by Cambridge, Cambridge University Press,  2002, United Kingdom.

If you want to do the exercises you can do it!! Then, you can send me your answer to my email and I will answers as soon as possible!

Email: learning.english.lidibre@gmail.com

 

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